Through its PolioPlus program, the Rotary International organization is a key STOP Transmission of Polio (STOP) immunization initiative partner, in the global effort to eradicate polio. This 2000 photograph depicted a healthcare worker administering a polio vaccine to an Indian child.There are two kinds of polio vaccine: IPV, which is the shot recommended in the United States today, and a live, oral polio vaccine (OPV), which is drops that are swallowed.Until recently OPV was recommended for most children in the United States.Both vaccines give immunity to polio, but OPV is better at keeping the disease from spreading to other people. However, for a few people (about one in 2.4 million), OPV actually causes polio. Since the risk of getting polio in the United States is now extremely low, experts believe that using oral polio vaccine is no longer worth the slight risk, except in limited circumstances which your doctor can describe. The polio shot (IPV) does not cause polio.
CDC/ Chris Zahniser, B.S.N., R.N., M.P.H.
December 4, 2012
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