The adult California Condor is a uniform black, with the exception, especially in the male, of large triangular patches or bands of white on the underside of the wings. It has gray legs and feet, an ivory-colored bill, a frill of black feathers surrounding the base of the neck, and brownish red eyes.
As an adaptation for hygiene, the condor's head and neck have few feathers, which exposes the skin to the sterilizing effects of dehydration and solar ultraviolet light at high altitudes. The skin of the head and neck is capable of flushing noticeably in response to emotional state, a capability that can serve as communication between individuals. The skin color varies from yellowish to a glowing reddish-orange.
Contrary to the usual rule among true birds of prey, the female is slightly smaller than the male. Overall length can range from 109â140 cm (43â55 in) and the wingspan is 2.49â3 m (8.2â9.8 ft). Their weight can range from 7â14.1 kg (15â31 lb), with estimations of average weight ranging from 8â9 kg (18â20 lb). Wingspans of up to 3.4 m (11 ft) have been reported but no wingspan over 3 m (9.8 ft) has been verified.
(Photo: Scott Flaherty/USFWS)
April 2, 2014
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