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Public Domain Picture: stop rx abuse-preview small

Courtesy: National Institute on Drug Abuse
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stop rx abuse-preview small
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stop rx abuse-preview small
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Text Description of Infographic Center (First) Layer: Teens & Rx - Prescription drugs abused by teens Prescription drug abuse is a significant health problem1. Second Layer: Category: Types of Rx abused ADHD stimulants can block small blood vessels2. Opioid painkillers have similar effects to heroin3. Depressants slow down brain activity4. Dextromethorphan is available over the counter. Third Layer: Brands: Common brand names5,6 Common brand names for ADHD stimulants are Adderall, Ritalin and Concerta. Common brand names for opioid painkillers are Vicodin, OxyContin, Percocet and Codeine. Common brand names for depressants are Valium, Xanax, Halcion and Ativan. Common brand names for dextromethorphan are Dimetapp DM, Robitussin DM, Sudafed, Dayquil Liquicaps, Vicks NyQuil and more. Fourth Layer: Street: Common street names7,8 Common street names for ADHD stimulants are Skippy, The smart drug, Vitamin R, Bennies, Black beauties, Roses, Hearts, Speed and Uppers. Common street names for opioid painkillers are Hillbilly heroin, Oxy, OC, Oxycotton, Percs, Happy pills and Vikes. Common street names for depressants are Candy, Downers, Sleeping pills and Tranks. Common street names for dextromethorphan are Orange crush, Triple C's, C-C-C, Red devils, Skittles, Dex, Vitamin D, Robo, Robo-tripping and Robo-dosing. Fifth Layer: Signs - Watch for symptoms9,10 Symptoms of ADHD stimulant abuse include anxiety, delusions and chest pain with heart palpitations. Symptoms of opioid painkiller abuse include constricted pupils, nausea, vomiting and respiratory depressions. Symptoms of depressant abuse include slurred speech, dizziness and respiratory depressions. Symptoms of dextromethorphan abuse include confusion, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, fast heartbeat, stomach pain and disorientation. Sixth Layer: Where - How they acquire11 From Parents: 42% of teens obtained prescription drugs from their parent's medicine cabinet. From Friends: 49% of teens obtained prescription drugs from a friend. Parents Gave: 20% of parents given their teen an unprescribed drug. Outermost (Seventh) Layer: Prevent - Ways to Help12 MONITOR - Restrict access to prescription drug medicine cabinets. 56% of teens say it is easy to get their parent's prescription drugs. 49% of parents say anyone can access their medicine cabinet. DISPOSE - Throw away expired medications. 17% of parents do not throw away expired medications. ENGAGE - Talk to your kids about the dangers of drug abuse. The last time teens and parents discussed substance abuse, only 16% discussed prescription pain relievers, and just 14% discussed any prescription abuse. LEARN - Understand the correct usage of prescription drugs. 26% of teens believe prescription drugs can be used as a study aid. 29% of parents believe ADHD medications improve test performance. Upper Left Corner: 70% of parents are concerned about their teen's prescription drug abuse13 Upper Right Corner: 50% less likely to abuse prescription drugs when teens learn the risks of drugs from their parents14 References Rx drugs abuse is a significant health problem 2012 Partnership Attitude Tracking Study. Released April 23, 2013 www.drugfree.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/PATS-2012-FUL... (PDF, 1MB) ADHD STIMULANTS - can block small blood vessels Facts on stimulants. Accessed August 9, 2013. teens.drugabuse.gov/sites/default/files/peerx/pdf/PEERx T... (PDF, 528KB) OPIOID PAINKILLERS - similar effects to heroin DrugFacts: Prescription and Over-the-Counter Medications. Revised May 2013. National Institute on Drug Abuse website www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/prescription-ove... DEPRESSANTS - slows down brain activity Central Nervous System (CNS) Depressants Facts, Accessed August 9, 2013. teens.drugabuse.gov/drug-facts/central-nervous-system-cns... Brand names of prescription drugs Facts on Drugs: Prescription Drugs. Accessed June 12, 2013. NIDA for Teens website teens.drugabuse.gov/drug-facts/prescription-drugs Brand names of prescription drugs The Medicine Abuse Project. Accessed August 9, 2013 Benzodiazepines medicineabuseproject.org/medicine/entry/benzodiazepines Street names of prescription drugs (ADHD Stimulants, Opioid Painkillers, Depressants) Facts on Drugs: Prescription Drugs. Accessed June 12, 2013. NIDA for Teens website teens.drugabuse.gov/drug-facts/prescription-drugs Street names of prescription drugs (Dextromethorphan) Dextromethorphan (DXM) Accessed June 12, 2013. The Medicine Abuse Project website medicineabuseproject.org/medicine/entry/dextromethorphan-dxm Physical Symptoms of Abuse (ADHD Stimulants, Opioid Painkillers, Depressants) The 11 Most Abused Prescription Drugs. Accessed June 12, 2013. The Medicine Abuse Project website medicineabuseproject.org/medicine Physical Symptoms of Abuse (Dextromethorphan) Signs and Symptoms of Dextromethorphan Abuse. Accessed June 12, 2013. Narconon International website www.narconon.org/drug-abuse/dextromethorphan-signs-sympto... Where teens get Rx drugs (all statistics) 2012 Partnership Attitude Tracking Study. Released April 23, 2013 www.drugfree.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/PATS-2012-FUL... (PDF, 1MB) Prevention (all statistics) 2012 Partnership Attitude Tracking Study. Released April 23, 2013 www.drugfree.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/PATS-2012-FUL... (PDF, 1MB) 70% of parents concerned about their teen's prescription drug abuse 2012 Partnership Attitude Tracking Study. Released April 23, 2013 www.drugfree.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/PATS-2012-FUL... (PDF, 1MB) Teens who learn about the risk of drugs from their parents are up to 50% less likely to use drugs Fact Sheet: Preventing Teen Prescription Medicine Abuse. Accessed June 12, 2013. The Partnership at Drugfree.org website medicineabuseproject.org/images/uploads/misc/fact sheet.pdf (PDF, 106KB)
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